The Development of Passenger Lift


Obviously, Passenger Elevator is suitable for residential homes, care homes, office blocks, shopping malls, hotels and other buildings with high levels of lift traffic. They are designed to offer top-quality performance under high-intensity use.

In fact, lifts have been around for centuries. It is believed that Egyptians probably used them, but the first real evidence can be found in Greek and Roman times. It was through the Greeks that the first principles of lifts were put in place. The Romans then developed these principles and used primitive lifts in their own building work later, utilizing humans, animals or water to power the lift. Records show that the coliseum had hydraulic lifts fitted to lift slaves, lions, etc. into the central arena.

In the seventeenth century, the concept of using a counter weight was put in place, and this was the forerunner to most lifts in operation today. Later in that same century, the world's first recorded passenger lift was put in place in the Palace of Versailles, for King Louis XV.

Lift technology was further improved in the early 1800's, and by 1830, passenger lifts were common throughout Europe, especially in factories. However, safety was an issue as it was too easy for the lift to fall down its shaft. So in 1852, the world's first safety brakes for passenger lifts was invented.

The first department store to install a passenger lift was Harrods, and since then, their use has grown phenomenally to the point where it would be odd, and now illegal, for a shopping center or large store to not contain a lift if passengers are expected to traverse between floors. Passenger lifts used to be able to carry one or two people, and also used to be manned by an assistant who would help people traverse between the floors. While the progression of technology means that we can now control the elevator by ourselves.

Generally speaking, lifts have revolutionized the way we live our lives and how we conceive our cities. In 21st century, the former dreams of vertical living, towers and sky-scrapers, have only become a reality because of the invention of passenger lifts. Lifts are now common place in blocks of flats, in businesses and in places of leisure and they have become a permanent fixture in our lives.

As skyscrapers begin to push closer and closer to the sky, lifts need to be made faster and larger and higher-reaching than ever before. And as cites' populations grow, so to does the need for space. There is only so much ground space available, but passenger lifts makes upwards expansion possible. Now we can build giant office complexes, large blocks of flats and huge shopping malls. It also means that we can keep more and more inside the city.

Without passenger lifts, there would be no giant shopping malls or massive blocks of flats. And rent in city centers would be far higher as there would be far less space, and large areas of green space around cities would have to be demolished to make space for building. All in all, passenger lifts have made a massive difference to the way we plan our cities and how we live today.

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